The current epidemiological situation has forced people to adjust to the realities and to start mastering special regime of the educational process – a distance (online).
If distance learning has taken an individual position and become very popular long ago, the majority of Ukrainian universities don’t have that sort of experience. Thus, Ukrainian educators will face a challenging period of adaptation.
As known, on March 12, 2020, in Ukraine, quarantine was enforced for all education establishments. The government made the relevant decision on March 11, 2020.
Now, the key requirement for distance learning in Ukrainian universities is to maintain continuousness of training that students can pass exams and complete an academic year in time, even in the context of quarantine.
The Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine has provided explanations on the completion of 2019/2020 academic year in the institutions of higher, professional pre-higher, postgraduate education and scientific establishments of Ukraine (Letter of the MSE of Ukraine No 1/9-178 dated 27.03.2020).The Letter of the Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine includes the recommendations on the implementation of an individual academic curriculum by students, carrying out of on-the-job and production training, graduating students, passing pre-graduation practical training, performing exams etc.
An academic year should terminate for non-graduates as scheduled. If students can’t do obligatory in-class work distantly, a higher education institution has to postpone it on the following academic year.
Graduate students will pass the defense of final projects and state exams in the remote mode, except for state qualifying exam and certification of persons who are obtaining the degrees of PhD, Doctor of Arts, Doctor of Sciences.
Modern online technologies as an obligatory condition for distance learning
The organization of educational process during quarantine is impossible without the use of online services which involve interactive nature and multimediality.
The Ministry of Digital Transformation of Ukraine has kicked off the free online course for teachers and lecturers for organizing distance learning during the quarantine period. Ukrainian and foreign learning platforms (for example, Prometheus, iLearn, Coursera, edX, Coursera for Campus and others) have given a free access to their courses.
In Ukrainian higher education institutions, lectures, seminars and consultations are conducted via videoconferencing using external frameworks Micrоsoft Teams, Zoom, BigBlueButton, Skype, Google Classroom. To run a video conference, every teacher independently creates a virtual room (class) at the relevant framework and invites students to join it.
Many Ukrainian universities use the following corporate services for online learning: Google Meet, Google for education, and even Instagram. Thus, in Borys Grinchenko Kyiv University, one can hear a course of lectures by joining lecturer’s Instagram live.
How did the European universities, where online training is a common practice, set distance learning?
The Republic of Poland
In Poland, there are 310 private universities and colleges and 138 state higher education institutions, and the educational system, which practises distance learning, is considered to be one of the most developed in the world.
On March 12, 2020, due to coronavirus pandemic across the globe, the decision of Prime Minister of the Republic of Poland Mateusz Morawiecki put university training on hold and switched the training to online mode up to April 30, 2020, with a possible continuation.
The Ministry of Science and Higher Education provided recommendations on the functioning of universities in the period of restricting their activities. Information and advice provided by the ministry are designed for all universities and students, as well as foreign ones. If classes can’t be performed remotely (for example, they involve laboratory conditions or practical training in healthcare establishments) they should be conducted after the period restricting university activity. The Polish government expects the 2019/2020 academic year will be completed before September 30, 2020.
The Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland also recommends university executives to freeze charging for tuitions for this period taking into account specific situation. The universities suspend payments up to the end of quarantine justifying such a decision by the fact that syllabus will be fully completed though in distance form. All social benefits provided to students and doctoral candidates are accounted according to the agreed schedules.
Particular attention is paid to the psychological support of students, especially of foreigners who have come to study and can’t go home. The centers for psychological support are working under no timeline at every university as well as consulting services for foreign students for the prolongation of the period of student ID card’s validity. The government has decided to extend the term of validity of student ID cards until May 31, 2020.
Student dormitories are open, but visitors are not admitted. Rector of the University of Warsaw (Uniwersytet Warszawski) ordered to reduce the dormitory fee according to which students, doctoral and PhD students would pay half of their accommodation costs in April. The authorities of Gdańsk University of Technology (Politechnika Gdańska) decided to postpone tuition fees until April 30, 2020, and cancel dormitory expenses for students who had left them during this period.
In the quarantine period, the universities launch 2020/2021 admission campaign online. Thus, Polish higher education institutions propose enrollees to join the webinars which give information about the admission procedure and training.
On March 23, the University of Warsaw organised the learning at the distance platform Campus. The platform makes it possible to share materials with students (files, links), post announcements for students (announcement board), keep chat forum etc.
Radom Academy of Economics (Wyższa Szkoła Handlowa w Radomiu) started distance learning using Microsoft Teams.
MS Teams is the Intern service which has a set of tools (chat, notes, videoconferences) to maintain a collective work, including distance learning. MS Teams facilitates the running of online lectures in the form of virtual meetings, sending the files and tasks to students.
Rector’s Office of the University of Economics and Human Sciences in Warsaw (Akademia Ekonomiczno-Humanistyczna w Warszawie) was demanding of organization of distance training of students. For this reason, every lecturer was obliged to record working hours, performed tasks and outcomes of activities in the form of reports (for example, to describe the tasks that are exercised on a particular day and to fix the timed devoted to their execution that a chief can control tasks and their quality). The academic staff has to keep in touch with administration and students (daily check of e-mail and activity at MS Teams). The time allotted to the remote work has to be 8 hours on average per five seven. A lecturer is free to regulate his working time, but consequently, it has to be 40 hours per week.
The system of distance learning at the University of Rzeszów (Uniwersytet Rzeszowski) is no less demanding. During the quarantine period, the academic staff has to be online and to answer letters and questions at the distance learning platforms without undue delay. All activities performed during the distance learning must be recorded and kept (for example, a list of materials and links which were sent to students) for a possible further report. The academic staff holds lectures and seminars (video conferences) at ClickMeeting and shares the didactic files via e-mail or file sharing services (for example, Dropbox). At the same time, the authorities announced their intention to prolong the academic year if online education is ineffective.
The order of Rector of the University of Life Sciences in Lublin (Uniwersytet Przyrodniczy w Lublinie) on distance study as of April 18, 2020, doesn’t regulate an obligatory use of particular services and system; however, all distance classes should be recorded, and on this basis, the dean can consider syllabus to be done.
In Cardinal Wyszyński University in Warsaw (Uniwersytet Kardynała Stefana Wyszyńskiego w Warszawie), according to the order of Rector, the academic staff should run distance classes via available methods and individually arrange learning material in the electronic form. Thus, when preparing for lessons lecturers of all disciplines have to create audio and video records, presentations with sound accompaniment and download them to Moodle.
Moodle (Modular Object-Oriented Dynamic Learning Environment) is also called education control system, the system of administration of virtual educational environment or a training platform, which provide lecturers, students and administrators with a large set of tools for computer-assisted learning.
The platform contains many diverse learning modules, which ensure communication between lecturers and students. Using the platform, a lecturer can choose any of modules, post it at the site, edit, update, and use for informing, training and assessment of students. The platform makes it possible to control students’ activity; it also has an easy-to-use electronic grade book.
Other Polish universities – partners of the Center for Ukrainian and European Scientific Cooperation, such as Humanities and Natural Sciences University in Sandomierz (Wyższa Szkoła Humanistyczno – Przyrodnicza w Sandomierzu) and Cuiavian University in Włocławek (Kujawska Szkoła Wyższa we Włocławku) – also organized distance learning using Moodle. It is worth pointing out that this form of remote knowledge transfer has been successfully used by some lecturers for several years, that is, before the enforcement of quarantine.
The University of Social and Human Sciences (SWPS Uniwersytet Humanistycznospołeczny) uses the service for videoconferences Google Hangouts Meet when running the distance lessons. Thus, it is modeled a virtual room where students’ involvement is obligatory. The training materials are available at Google Classroom and Learn Online.
Maria Curie-Sklodowska University (Uniwersytet Marii Curie-Skłodowskiej w Lublinie), which is a long-standing partner of the Center for Ukrainian and European Scientific Cooperation in the organization of scientific and pedagogical internships, conducts online learning via the electronic platform Navoica.
Navoica is a generally available platform for e-learning which provides a variety of virtual courses. It is the first platform which includes a new form of Polish education. Online training system contributes to the cooperation of universities, scientific establishments and non-governmental organizations not only of Poland but also other countries. The project is realized with the support of the Ministry of Science and Higher Education of the Republic of Poland.
To improve quality and effectiveness of the training during the quarantine period, the academic team from Adam Mickiewicz University in Poznań (Uniwersytet im. Adama Mickiewicza w Poznaniu) has developed a free course “The use of information and communication technologies in the work of a teacher”. A new course is available free of charge at the education platform Navoica; it has useful tools, materials and tips which can be applied in distance learning.
At present, medical universities are in the most difficult situation because of the impossibility to perform online practical classes. Students continue to master general subjects remotely, while practical classes in medical institutions are postponed until the end of quarantine or held off on the next academic year.
On April 2, 2020, the amendment to the Regulation on education standards, which concerns medical specialties, will come into force. Students who acquire the profession of physician, dentist, pharmacist, nurse, midwife, laboratory diagnostician, physiotherapist, or paramedic and have assisted health care facilities or health services in the activities aimed at combating the virus will be credited with successful practical training.
Thus, Medical University in Lublin (Uniwersytet Medyczny w Lublinie), a long standing partner of the Center for Ukrainian and European Scientific Cooperation, teaches interested students the methods of collecting biological materials for the diagnosis of coronavirus infection. More than 40 graduate students joined the training to be ready to help medical services in case of epidemic spread.
Czech Republic, Slovak Republic
The restriction of full-time study at universities, in accordance with the decision of the Government of the Czech Republic as of March 12, 2020, is a serious problem for ensuring the educational activities of higher education institutions. Consequently, the Ministry of Education, Youth and Sports of the Czech Republic recommends universities to use the tools for distance learning to the maximum. Teaching at Czech universities is carried out remotely through video lectures, email consultations or other methods, depending on the specific conditions and subject.
Students and the academic staff actively use the variety of the abovementioned services in distance learning as well as online libraries. BOOKPORT is popular in Czech.
BOOKPORT is an online library which involves thousands of editions of Czech publishers, such as GRADA, Portal, Galen, Jota, and more than 5200 literature items in Czech.
To support domestic education, the online library provided students and employees of Czech universities with temporary free access to professional and fine literature.
Czech University in Life Sciences in Prague (Česká zemědělská univerzita v Praze) uses a well-known platform Moodle during the quarantine. The authorities of this education institution hope in the completion of the academic following the standard schedule, and then, they are going to run the exams period. So, teachers actively prepare materials for knowledge assessment online.
Rector of Mendel University in Brno (Mendelova univerzita v Brně) Danuše Nerudová decided to switch student and academic staff to the distance learning on March 3, 2020, that is, before the official government order. The preventive measure was applied because more than 800 foreign students study in the university and about 10% of the staff is people over 60 years; many of them suffer from diabetes or cardiovascular diseases.
The University of Pardubice (Univerzita Pardubice) was closed on March 11, 2020. Rector Jiří Málek together with deans of all 7 faculties concluded that examination period would be prolonged up to the middle of September of the current year. The university expects to extend the academic year by 4 weeks, as it is important for many students to complete practical and laboratory work. All depends on the particular faculty and curriculum. The university will also extend the exams term, and the new academic year is scheduled to begin on October 5, 2020. The authorities announced that tuition fees would not be raised due to the extended academic semester.
The university library is close, but available electronic information resources (study guides, books, educational materials). As for dormitories, students are free to leave it before its due time without any penalties. Those who decided to stay would have a resident discount.
It stands to mention that educators of the Czech Republic take an active public position in the times of combating coronavirus disease. So, scientists and students of the Faculty of Chemical Technology of the University of Pardubice work together with a local hospital by assisting in testing potentially infected people. Soon, it is planned to use the faculty laboratory located directly on the campus for the analysis.
In March, laboratories of the Faulty of Nuclear Sciences and Physical Engineering of Czech Technical University in Prague (České Vysoké Učení Technické v Praze) were adapted for production. Due to the lack of disinfectants in the country, the Department of Nuclear Chemistry began to produce its sanitizers for the needs of the university and other institutions. The manufacture takes place in the chemical laboratories of the faculty (photo to the left).
For the fight against coronavirus, the Faculty of Biomedical Engineering of Czech Technical University made the modern equipment (vital function monitors with defibrillation, infusion and suction pumps etc.) available to Kladno Regional Hospital (Oblastní nemocnici Kladno). The equipment was used to train future health care workers as well as for scientific activity. Czech Technical University I Prague also initiated the production of respirators using new technology (photo to the right).
According to the Order of the Ministry of Education, Science, Research and Sports of the Slovak Republic, all universities must suspend intramural training and change for the use of methods of distance learning for the subjects which it admits or correct syllabus through its continuing.
Every faculty of the University of Presov (Prešovská univerzita v Prešove) uses Moodle, which has been functioning for a long time. In such a way, all study materials are available that the university works on its own.
Microsoft Teams, Zoom, as well as not abovementioned Socrative, are additional tools for the study under the conditions of quarantine.
Socrative is a web-application for distance learning the functionality of which permits creating tests with different types of questions with accompanying images and sounds easily. The service also operates on mobiles (individual apps for teachers and students).
The faculties of the University of Presov together create interesting online events and services in the context of quarantine for pupils, high school students and pensioners (for example, the website with child songs prepared by the Faculty of Pedagogy.
Authorities of the Technical University of Košice (Technická univerzita v Košiciach) aim at the successful completion of the 2019/2020 academic year without significant detriment to the quality of education. There is a suggestion that part of state exams and defence of dissertations will be online.
Distance learning at Pavol Jozef Šafárik University in Košice (Univerzita Pavla Jozefa Šafárika v Košiciach) will continue up to the end of the term – May 15, 2020. Under the order of Rector, every lecturer shall record the training process, including continuous evaluation via AiS2.
AiS2 is an academic information system which is designed for controlling all three university study programs (Bachelor, Master and Doctoral Studies) and university research. AiS2 is currently applied in 16 universities of the Slovak Republic.
Bachelor’s and Master’s theses will available in the electronic form at AiS2 and CRZP under an updated schedule of training. Thus, in 2019, the government adopted the amendment to the Law on Higher Education, which obligates Slovak universities to use the Central Register of Qualification Works (CRZP).
CRZP is the Central Register of Qualification Works in the Slovak Republic. Scientific Papers are kept in CRZP for 70 years from the date of recording in the electronic register.
Hungary, Romania, Republic of Croatia
The Hungarian Government declared a state of emergency on March 11, 2020, and higher education measures were taken in agreement with the Ministry of Innovation and Technology of Hungary. All universities froze classes on March 12, 2020, and switched to distance learning. Thus, the Hungarian universities are functioning like other European countries, and employment duties of academic and research staff and authorities remain the same.
Eötvös Loránd University (Eötvös Loránd Tudományegyetem) has adjusted to the new training conditions quickly enough, but distance learning technology was successfully operating here before. The university lecturers are ready to run 7928 courses online.
100% of subjects of the Institute of Business Administration can be realized through the video materials of distance learning due to educational devices of a new building. 5 modern classrooms, where multimedia lectures are held remotely (photo at the left), were opened in January in the building Trefort Garden Q.
Moreover, after the university close, two temporary rooms were fitted out for lectures video recording under the conditions of permanent disinfection. Teachers came to the classes weekly. In such a way, it was formed a package for distance learning almost for 100 subjects.
Based on the downloaded materials, one window demonstrates a lecture video and another – a multimedia presentation (see below). The pages are completely synchronized: one can stop them, run back or skip forward. The lectures are available for students at Moodle.
All 14 faculties of the University of Debrecen (Debreceni Egyetem) started distance learning on March 23. The innovations influenced about 30,000 students and more than 1,500 university members. Some disciplines at many faculties of the institution already have had an e-learning program on the Moodle platform – they just have been adapted to special circumstances. Due to the introduction of distance training, the use of e-learning has increased significantly. More than 401,000 users registered in the first week of distance learning, and the usage period increased by about 1200%.
Depending on the specifics of the discipline, its theoretical or practical nature, teachers use different teaching technologies. In addition to traditional multimedia presentations, interactive webinars, which are run via a variety of software, are popular. The latter is also used by teachers and students in consultations related to the preparation of theses and diploma papers.
The university authorities account on the successful completion of the semester for all specialities, however, if there is a need, it will be prolonged up to August 31.
The faculties of the University of Miskolc (Miskolci Egyetem) organize exams in the form of an electronic test using personal system NEPTUN. The test will be available through the web-interface Redmenta.
Redmenta is a web platform for testing whose advantages are an option to choose from the numerous types of tasks, to create individual tests, use it via mobiles and save time through the automated assessment system.
The Ministry of Education, Research, Youth and Sports of Romania encourages the academic staff to support education at the national level by sharing useful materials with colleagues. Thus, the ministry launched special training platform Digital.
Digital is an online platform designed for all teachers who aspire to use new technologies in the learning activities with students. The virtual platform contains a few types of digital resources and useful information for distance training. All resources available on the platform are free.
“Vasile Goldis” Western University of Arad (Universitatea de Vest Vasile Goldiș din Arad), which a committed partner of the Center for Ukrainian and European Scientific Cooperation, was the first university in Romania that suspended the activities due to the threat of coronavirus spread. Romanian and foreign students have already used the university platform for the study at the moment of cancelation of face-to-face classes. The university is successfully functioning in the remote mode thanks to before balanced online infrastructure.
Vern’ University of Applied Sciences (Veleučilište VERN’), the CUESC partner in organizing the internships for Ukrainian scientists, carried out a thorough preparation for conducting lectures and exams online. All lecturers received training on the organization educational process with the use of modern online platforms. Thus, on March 30, 2020, distance learning is performed through the modern technological platform Microsoft Teams, and online attendance is obligatory and registered, as well as under previous conditions. After the first test academic day, Dean Vlatko Cvrtila, Deputy Dean for Academic Affairs Stana Odak Krasić and some other lecturers held online meeting with students to learn about their experiences and welcome suggestions.
On March 12, 2020, the government of the Republic of Estonia declared emergency within the country. The national extraordinary situation is in effect until 1 May. The universities were urgently switched to the distance mode of learning.
Tallinn University of Technology (TALTECH) started online education on March 16. The University has a special individual institution, the Center for Educational Technology, which controls technical maintenance of online learning. Thus, the Center for Educational Technology recommends using the education platform TalTech Moodle and Microsoft Teams for e-learning. With the assistance of MS Teams, teachers run video lectures demonstrating a screen or a slide show to students. At the education platform TalTech Moodle all participants can share training materials, study guides and videos. The services Wooclap is also used for video lectures.
Wooclap is the platform of cooperation for lessons, conferences, which permits a teacher to put questions to the audience, to ask for views, as well as to trace the comprehension of materials by the lecture participants in real-time mode.
Wooclap is being tested in Tallinn University of Technology, so students and lecturers have unlimited access to the platform. To communicate with students, the Center for Educational Technology also proposes to use Moodle Forum, Moodle Chat.
The Foundation for Information Technology for Education and the Estonian Association of Educational Technology are organizing free webinars “Home education through web-technology”. During a webinar, leading experts in the distance learning thoroughly consider the education technologies of the whole Estonia, test different online tools and share their experience which helps to organize home training. The webinars are recorded and available for further review of the academic staff of Tallinn University of Technology.
Late May, Tallinn University (Tallinna Ülikool) is going to launch of huge seminars “Expert on the air” where experienced scientists and lecturers will share practical advice for the effective study and teaching as well as how to support psychological health.
Due to the coronavirus spread, all libraries of Tallinn University, the educational center and library of cinema and media are close for visitors, but all staff of Tallin University can take books in the research library contact-free. Rooms of periodicals, philosophy, humanities, pedagogy, social and natural sciences, medicine and ports are available. First, one should check whether a book in place and make an order via e-mail. You can pick up the books at the hall of the research library in the special basket. In the context of an emergency, the university staff can take literature and documents which have been accessible exclusively for the familiarization within the library.
Taking into account the specifics of specialties of Estonian Academy of Arts (Eesti Kunstiakadeemia), many teachers and students demonstrate their readiness to experiment with the study and to have a creative approach to the distance classes. The form and methods are agreed with a course lecturer. Thus, the academic staff films video lectures at home and shares a list of best films about architecture and design. Videos of open lectures conducted during the year in the university (archive) are posted on the official website of the university.
Due to the coronavirus spread and quarantine introduction in the Republic of Lithuanian, the higher education institutions were also forced to switch to the distance learning. On March 16, 2020, the Minister of Education, Science and Sports of the Republic of Lithuania approved the Recommendations on the organization of distance educational process. That kind of education is not new for Lithuanian higher education institutions, but the scope (simultaneous introduction in all universities) raise difficulties.
On March 1, 2020, authorities of Vilnius University (Vilniaus universitetas) froze the extramural process of study and research. Lectures, seminars which can be held in the remote mode are run through Microsoft services and virtual learning environment Emokymai (Vilniaus universiteto Virtuali mokymosi aplinka, abbr. VMA).
VMA is a virtual education platform of Vilnius University which permits students to store information concerning academic matters in one place as well as to use virtual lectures and pass tests. Lecturers are free not only to provide students with interactive materials and tasks but also to monitor students’ progress online.
More than 2 thousand courses were elaborated to guarantee a smooth completion of the academic semester.
The upgrade of the website of the university library is an important moment for the organization of education by the educators of Vilnius University. This is one of the first online platforms in the country which has started digitalizing the objects of documental culture heritage of Lithuanian and the world. The refreshed website gives access to almost 8 thousand of digital objects.
Lithuanian universities, which closely cooperate with the CUESC, namely, European Humanities University (Europos humanitarinis universitetas) and Vilniaus Kolegija /University of Applied Sciences (VIKO) (Vilniaus Kolegija) continue the distance learning according to the syllabus via Moodle and organize online lectures through Skype, BlueJeans, Zoom.
The neighboring the Republic of Latvia also had a well-run online education.
Under the Order of Rector, academic and research activities in Riga Technical University (Rīgas Tehniskā universitāte), the oldest acting university in Latvia, are also distant. Online learning is performed at three Internet-platforms and RTU Moodle where the academic staff can make presentations, organize home and test works as well as give other additional information.
Thanks to the services Microsoft Teams, Zoom and Cisco Webex, video lectures, webinars and online chats are organized. The website of the scientific library of Riga Technical University is functioning for assisting students. One can get a printed book by making pre-order through e-mail and leave it in a special box located in the library after the use.
Web experts of the University of Latvia (Latvijas Universitāte) developed a special information system for e-study for all 13 faculties of the education institution. The university library also proposes students and academic staff to use the option of distance access to electronic resources.
Many German universities commence the lectures and seminars after spring holidays in early April, but the current pandemic situation has brought modifications to the schedule of all universities in Germany.
From March 24, all buildings of the European University Viadrina (Europa-Universität Viadrina in Frankfurt) are close, but the start of distance learning was planned on April, 14. Lecturers are preparing materials for online study at the platform Moodle. All written exams were canceled, and new examination dates are not known yet. The carrying out of oral exams will be discussed individually. If all participants (students, examiners) admit that, all oral exams will be implemented through videoconference.
The authorities of the higher education institution propose the academic staff to record their lecture at any time in the special technically equipped audience of the university. The teacher must reserve the date and time beforehand. A record will show a lecturer and accompanied presentation if any. The lecturer also can record the video independently at home. But first, it is necessary to send a file to the multimedia support service to receive the relevant link for further use.
The university administration recommends using the following software to organize distance learning: OpenCast Studio, Shotcut, HandBrake (for videos), DFNconf, Zoom (for web-conferences).
Students of the European University Viadrina can easily form academic groups in the electronic system Mahara to chat, share information or news.
Mahara is a free electronic portfolio containing the functions of social media which is designed as a project with open code in New Zeeland. The system maintains documents and shows the training process and its outcomes. As a comparison, in Mahara students independently create content, and in Moodle, a lecturer creates content and student only have limited options.
From March 20, 2020, Technical University of Berlin (Technische Universität Berlin) has been in a state of emergency, meaning all employees work at home (with very few exceptions). The university administration has announced that the 2020 summer semester will begin on April 20, but online. Lecturers are now working hard to record their lectures and post them on the ISI Central Learning Platform.
The University of Cologne (Universität zu Köln) has different technical opportunities for running the educational process in the digital form. Thus, the central learning management system ILIAS ensures the accessibility and flexibility of distance training in this education institution.
ILIAS is software for controlling the educational process that is used by higher education institutions, first of all by German ones.
On the campus, lectures can be automatically recorded in certain rooms or in “OBRS (One Button Recording Studio) (photo).
One Button Recording Studio is a fully automated film studio where university staff can independently create training videos, interviews and short lectures. The studio was designed in such a way that no special technical knowledge is needed for its use. This became possible due to full process automation. Cologne University staff can reserve the studio using a special online reservation system.
The One Button Recording Studio is available in quarantine, but the staff must take appropriate precautions (surface disinfection).
The completion of the 2019/2020 academic year is a key issue for 8, 5 million students in Italy, taking into account bimestrial quarantine.
Ca’ Foscari University of Venice (Università Ca’ Foscari Venezia) is one of the leading centers of Italy for training experts in different areas, a partner of the Center for Ukrainian and European Scientific Cooperation and the organizer of scientific and pedagogical internships for Ukrainian scientists.
In the context of the current emergency, all written and oral exams in Ca’ Foscari University of Venice will be delayed and conducted during two weeks at the remote mode.
The university provides students and academic staff with bibliographic resources with restricted access (university database, electronic periodicals and electronic books).
More 120 lecturers and 2500 students of Politecnico di Milano (Politecnico di Milano) started the distance learning in terms of 10 academic courses on March 2. However, during the fourth week of training, authorities recognized less efficiency than expected due to the overload Teams platform.
Despite the cessation of intramural study due to the coronavirus epidemic, the academic staff of the University of Bologna (Alma Mater Studiorum – Università di Bologna) continues to work in full force to guarantee high-quality education for 85 thousand students. Students conduct their distance learning through an online platform developed by the university that allows them to communicate with teaching staff in real time. The University Library System with electronic resources and administrative services also operate remotely. Students can contact the university’s administrative departments by email or through the official portal.
As you can see, university communities around the world have a common goal – to ensure a high level of education quality maintaining the highest academic standards.
For Ukrainian higher education institutions, learning in the context of quarantine is considered to be a test drive for the online education system, which has been planned to be introduced in Ukraine. Thus, before adopting a digital learning process at the ongoing legal basis, it is possible to identify weaknesses and gaps and to refine the system, taking into account the experience of foreign colleagues.
Author: Tetiana PAVLENKO,
Research Analyst of the Center for Ukrainian and European Scientific Cooperation